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Uses and possible misuses of a Comparative International Law approach

1. The question In a recent monograph[1] and in a subsequent edited volume,[2] Anthea Roberts makes the case for the adoption of a comparative international law (CIL)[3] approach in the study and practice of international law.[4] CIL is a project addressed primarily to international lawyers rather than States.[5] It offers a vision of what international...

Is International Law International? Exploring its normative underpinnings

1. Introduction Is International Law International? The title of the celebrated book authored by Anthea Roberts[1] poses a prima facie straightforward, binary question. In line with Roberts’s high quality scholarship, the book raises challenging questions that go deep to issues, such as the source of international law’s authority and the structure of the international order....

Doctrinal thoughts on a doctrinal approach to the problem of diversity in International Law. Revisiting Anthea Roberts’ Is International Law International? and Comparative International Law

Introduced by Maurizio Arcari and Paolo Palchetti   One of the most interesting trends of the recently published literature on international law is the increasing attention paid to the role and place of legal scholars in the context of the international legal order. In parallel with legal analyses concerned with the growing influence exerted by...

The principle of non-intervention in recent non-international armed conflicts

1. Introduction The principle of non-intervention is one of great importance in the international legal system but at the same time one of complex definition. This is due to doubts regarding both the content of that principle (for example, whether it covers any and all types of external intervention in a foreign territory or just...

L’intervention de la Russie en Syrie: que reste-t-il du principe de non-intervention dans les guerres civiles?

1. Introduction L’intervention militaire de la Russie en Syrie a commencé au mois de septembre 2015, et a marqué un tournant dans l’évolution des rapports de force sur le terrain. Depuis cette date, les forces gouvernementales, soutenues par leur puissant allié, ont repris le contrôle de nombreuses parties du territoire national.[1] C’est ainsi qu’ont été...

May third states directly and/or indirectly intervene in the Syrian armed conflict?

Introduced by Micaela Frulli, Marco Roscini, Chiara Vitucci   The principle of non-intervention in the domestic affairs of other states is one of the cardinal principles of international law and there is hardly any doubt on its customary status, as the International Court of Justice has affirmed in several occasions. What is controversial, however, is...

Les dangers d’un droit à l’euthanasie

1. Introduction Pour l’immense majorité de nos contemporains, l’heure de la mort, qu’elle soit accidentelle ou naturelle, survient sans qu’ils l’aient voulue. L’interdiction quasi-universelle de tuer reste un principe fondamental, qu’elle ait une connotation religieuse (‘Tu ne tueras point’) ou rationnelle. Les homicides, volontaires ou involontaires, engagent la responsabilité pénale et civile de ceux qui...

End-of-life issues and the European Court of Human Rights. The value of personal autonomy within a ‘proceduralized’ review

1. Introduction End-of-life issues may arise in very different situations. The scope of the present analysis is limited to situations in which termination of life is sought in the person’s alleged best interest: cases which, broadly speaking, are covered by the notion of euthanasia (from the ancient Greek ευθανασία, good death, ‘death that benefits the...

Dignity and end-of-life issues. Some open questions in light of the European Court of Human Rights’ recent case-law

Introduced by Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani   As a consequence of the unrelenting advances in medical sciences, end-of-life situations are raising, more and more frequently, sensitive moral and ethical issues to which existing legal frameworks are often unable to offer clear-cut solutions. Limiting the scope of analysis to the European continent, there is still nowadays no...

The EU data protection regime and the multilateral trading system: Where dream and day unite

1. Introduction ‘Fast forward a decade and imagine your morning routine. You wake up gently at a time carefully selected by a bracelet monitoring your sleep patterns after drawing on weeks of data stored on a server that lives somewhere in the American west. You trudge to the bathroom and step on to the scales,...

Digital standardization, cybersecurity issues and international trade law

1. Introduction National and international digital standards are having a growing impact on international trade law. The traditionally most evident dimension of the extensive activity of standard-setting bodies in relation to the functioning of the Internet is related to openness and interoperability, which are to be considered as core values in the development of the...

The tangled links between national and international data protection regimes, standardization and international trade law

Introduced by Giovanna Adinolfi Digital issues have been included in States’ trade agenda since the establishment of the World Trade Organization. In the very first years, e-commerce has drawn most States’ attention. The term is usually understood to cover the production, distribution, marketing, sale or delivery of goods and services by electronic means. Since 1998...